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Stefan Groth

Communication Patterns and Decision-Making about Cultural Property at WIPO

PhD Project, Lead: Prof. Dr. Regina F. Bendix, DFG-Research Group Cultural Property

Abstract

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) established the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC) in October of 2000 “as an international forum for debate and dialogue concerning the interplay between intellectual property (IP), and traditional knowledge (TK), genetic resources, and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs)/(folklore).” Its mandate consists in contributing to the establishment of internationally acceptable guidelines in these areas, and within the context of the law on intellectual property. This Committee only exists by virtue of the communication among members who do not share the same origins, language, material culture, or worldviews. This communication utilizes face-to-face meetings as well as virtual and print communication to create a communicative community that means to include if not necessarily represent “the world” and hence to create ‘global’ guidelines for cultural property. The research project focuses on the ICG at WIPO and documents and analyzes the communicative process of constituting cultural property at the international level. At the core stands an analysis based on organizational and communicative ethnography, of the committee meetings that take place twice a year in Geneva. The focus is on the communication regimes that actors develop and employ, be these actors from the WIPO Secretariat, the national delegations, NGOs, indigenous groups or interest groups with observer status. Each of these actors has different motivations and very different levels of knowledge or information. What will also be investigated are the changing dynamics in the different forms of communication during the intervals when the Committee is not meeting, and the extent to which the habitus of WIPO shapes the interaction on the one hand, and the actors and interests, at local to national level, shape it on the other.

Project Publications

  1. Groth, Stefan. 2009. “Tradition Und Wert: Die Weltorganisation Für Geistiges Eigentum, Cultural Property Und Die Vorzeitigkeit Von Tradition.” Kulturen 2/2009: 33–39.
  2. Groth, Stefan. 2010. “Perspektiven Der Differenzierung: Multiple Ausdeutungen Von Traditionellem Wissen Indigener Gemeinschaften in WIPO-Verhandlungen.” In Die Konstituierung Von Cultural Property: Forschungsperspektiven, edited by Regina F. Bendix, Kilian Bizer, and Stefan Groth, 1:177–95. Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property. Göttingen: Göttingen University Press. doi:10.4000/books.gup.513.
  3. Bendix, Regina F., Kilian Bizer, and Stefan Groth, eds. 2010. Die Konstituierung Von Cultural Property: Forschungsperspektiven. Vol. 1. Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property. Göttingen: Universitätsverlag Göttingen. doi:10.4000/books.gup.488. Peer reviewed.
  4. Groth, Stefan. 2011. “Perspectives of Differentiation: Negotiating Traditional Knowledge on the International Level.” Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics 4 (1): 7–24. http://www.jef.ee/index.php/journal/article/view/1. Peer reviewed.
  5. Groth, Stefan. 2012. Negotiating Tradition: The Pragmatics of International Deliberations on Cultural Property. Vol. 4. Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property. Göttingen: Göttingen University Press. doi:10.4000/books.gup.608.
  6. Groth, Stefan. 2013. “Allmendgemeinschaften Und Cultural Commons in Der Diskussion Um Kulturelles Eigentum.” In Kultur_Kultur. Denken, Forschen, Darstellen. 38. Kongress Der Deutschen Gesellschaft Für Volkskunde in Tübingen Vom 21. Bis 24. September 2011, edited by Reinhard Johler, Christian Marchetti, Bernhard Tschofen, and Carmen Weith, 59–65. Münster: Waxmann.
  7. Groth, Stefan. 2015. “Between Society and Culture: Recognition in Cultural Heritage Contexts.” In Between Imagined Communities and Communities of Practice: Participation, Territory and the Making of Heritage, edited by Nicolas Adell, Regina F. Bendix, Chiara Bortolotto, and Markus Tauschek, 8:59–81. Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property. Göttingen: Göttingen University Press. doi:10.4000/books.gup.212.
  8. Groth, Stefan, and Lars Döpking. 2015. “Clustering Justice: Über Normative Dimensionen Kulturellen Eigentums.” In Kultur Als Eigentum: Instrumente, Querschnitte Und Fallstudien, edited by Stefan Groth, Regina F. Bendix, and Achim Spiller, 9:413–44. Göttingen: Göttingen University Press. doi:10.4000/books.gup.556.
  9. Groth, Stefan. 2015. “Common Ground and Missing Links: German Volkskunde and Language.” AJEC: Anthropological Journal of European Cultures 24 (1): 24–41. doi:10.3167/ajec.2015.240103. Peer reviewed.
  10. Groth, Stefan, and Regina F. Bendix. 2015. “Cultural Property: Interdisziplinäre Forschung Zu Einem Dynamischen Feld.” In Kultur Als Eigentum: Instrumente, Querschnitte Und Fallstudien, edited by Stefan Groth, Regina F. Bendix, and Achim Spiller, 9:1–13. Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property. Göttingen: Göttingen University Press. doi:10.4000/books.gup/556.
  11. Groth, Stefan, Peter-Tobias Stoll, and Miriam Sanmukri. 2015. “Das Zwischenstaatliche Komitee Der WIPO Zu Geistigem Eigentum an Traditionellem Wissen, Traditionellen Kulturellen Ausdrucksformen Und Genetischen Ressourcen.” In Kultur Als Eigentum: Instrumente, Querschnitte Und Fallstudien, edited by Stefan Groth, Regina F. Bendix, and Achim Spiller, 9:17–29. Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property. Göttingen: Göttingen University Press. doi:10.4000/books.gup.535.
  12. Groth, Stefan, and Sarah May. 2015. “Von Schutz Bis Verwertung: Zielsetzungen Und Begründungsmuster Von Rechtsinstrumenten Im Bereich Kulturellen Eigentums.” In Kultur Als Eigentum: Instrumente, Querschnitte Und Fallstudien, edited by Stefan Groth, Regina F. Bendix, and Achim Spiller, 9:99–118. Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property. Göttingen: Göttingen University Press. doi:10.4000/books.gup.542.
  13. Groth, Stefan, and Regina F. Bendix. 2017. “Culture as a Flexible Concept for the Legitimation of Policies in the European Union.” In The Routledge Companion to Cultural Property, edited by Haidy Geismar and Jane Anderson, 315–38. London: Routledge. Peer Reviewed.
  14. Groth, Stefan. 2018. “&Sbquo;Kein Sichereres Mittel Existirt Zur Abwehr Von Allem Lumpengesindel&Lsquo;: Zur Entwicklung Von Sicherheits- Und Kontrollkonstellationen Um 1900.” In Der Alltag Der (Un)Sicherheit. Kulturwissenschaftlich-Ethnographische Perspektiven Auf Die Sicherheitsgesellschaft, edited by Alexandra Schwell and Katharina Eisch-Angus, 36–63. Berlin: Panama Verlag.
  15. Groth, Stefan. 2018. “Entstehungskontext, Materialität Und Sprachspezifik. Elemente Einer Empirisch-Kulturwissenschaftlichen Quellenkritik Von Dokumenten in Politischen Prozessen.” Schweizerisches Archiv Für Volkskunde 114 (1): 57–75. https://www.e-periodica.ch/digbib/view?pid=sav-001:2018:114#62. Peer reviewed.
  16. Groth, Stefan. 2019. “Ordnung Als Methode Und Praxis: Zur Kommunikationsethnografie Internationaler Verhandlungen.” In Ordnungen in Alltag Und Gesellschaft: Empirisch-Kulturwissenschaftliche Perspektiven, edited by Stefan Groth and Linda Mülli, 297–315. Würzburg: Königshausen und Neumann.